Irridating aluminum

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Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only. If your institution uses Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China Received 28 February 2014; Revised ; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 22 June 2014Academic Editor: Xiao-Tao Zu Copyright © 2014 Chaoqiang Huang et al.In this case, drastic embrittlement occurs because of the formation of helium bubbles at the grain boundary [1, 2].Double differential neutron yields from a thick aluminum target irradiated by 9 Me V deuterons were measured at the Kyushu University Tandem accelerator Laboratory (KUTL).The most common means of altering gemstone color by radiation is with gamma rays (cobalt 60 radiation).

Temperature-stimulated helium evolution was observed via small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and was confirmed via transmission electron microscopy (TEM).In this paper phase explosion in aluminum targets induced by Nd: YAG pulsed laser beam is studied.The phase explosion occurs in ablation process when the Nd: YAG laser beam (single pulse) is focused on the surface of target in ambient air.Normally, many gemstones must be irradiated in order to obtain a few stones that are altered to the desired color.Topaz, AI2[Si O4](OH, F)2, which is colorless in its pure mineral form, is one gemstone suitable for irradiation.

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